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Research & Publications

Recent Citations:

Books Authored or Co-authored:

Cordell, H. K., Betz, J., Green, G. T., et al. (2004). Outdoor recreation in America in the 21st Century (pp. 293). Pittsburgh, PA: Venture Press.

Chapters in Books:

†Poudyal, N., Bowker, J., Green, G. T., & Hodges, D. (2012). Modeling the impact of changes in land use and socio-cultural patterns from urbanization on recreation fishing. In Turunen, E., and Koskinen, A. (Eds.) Urbanization and the Global Environment (pp. 163-180). Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

†Thompson, F., Cordell, H., Green, G., Fly, M., Stephens, R., & English, D. (2005). Outlook for public lands. In McClure, M., and Harris, J. (Eds.). Domestic Outlook for Travel and Tourism. (pp. 292-299). Washington, D.C. Travel Industry Association of America.

†Cordell, H. K., Green, G. T., Leeworthy, V. R., Stephens, R., Fly, M., & C. Betz. (2005). The United States of America: Outdoor recreation. In: Cushman, G., Veal, A., & Zuzanek, J. (Eds.). Free time and leisure participation: International perspectives (pp. 245-264). Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

*†Cordell, H. K., Bergstrom, J.C., Betz, C. J., & Green, G. T. (2004). Dominant socioeconomic forces and natural resources. The 10th international symposium on society and resource management (pp. 349-361). Keystone Resort, CO. 

*†Cordell, H. K., & Green, G. T. (2001). Sustaining outdoor recreation in the United States. In: Palo, M., Uusivuori, J., and Mery, G. (Eds.). World forests, markets and policies (3rd Edition) (pp. 395-406). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Book Reviews:

†Green, G. T. (2005). Wilderness management: Stewardship and protection of resources and values (3rd Edition) by John C. Hendee and Chad P. Dawson. Golden, CO: International Wilderness Leadership (WILD) Foundation and Fulcrum Publishing, 2002. pp. 640. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, (22)4, pp.130-33.


Larson^, L., Green, G. T., & Cordell. H. K. (2012). Time out: How much time do kids spend outdoors? Natural Inquirer (5), pp.7-22.

Cordell, H. K., Green, G. T., & Tarrant, M. A. (2006). Can you hear me now? Using the telephone to discover people’s opinions about wilderness. Natural Inquirer, (7) 1, 47-56.

Journal Publications: 
Note: “†” indicates the publications were subject to editorial/peer refereed evaluation
Note: “*” indicates media, performances or publications of National or International Standing.
Note: “^” indicates a student advisee

*†Mullenbach, L., & Green, G. T. (2016). Can environmental education increase student athlete’s sustainable behaviors? Environmental Education Research. doi/full/10.1080/13504622.2016.1241218.

†Coyle, D.R., G.T. Green, B.F. Barnes, K.D. Klepzig, J.T. Nowak, & K.J.K. Gandhi. (2016). Landowner and manager awareness and perceptions of pine health issues and southern pine management activities in the southeastern U.S. Journal of Forestry.

†Ghimire^, R., Green, G. T., Poudyal, N., & Cordell, H. (2016). Who recreates where: Implications from a national household survey. Journal of Forestry, 114(4), 458-456.

†Larson, L. R., Whiting, J. W., Green, G. T., & Bowker, J. M. (2015). Physical activity of youth in non-urban parks: an observation-based assessment. Leisure/Loisir, 38(3-4): 225-232. doi: 10.1080/14927713.2015.1042212

†McKee, A. M., G. T. Green, & J. C. Maerz. (2015). Neutral processes that regulate patterns of species and genetic diversity. Teaching Issues and Experiments in Ecology:

†Dawson, C., Cordell, H., Watson, A., Ghimire^, R., & Green, G. T. (2015). The U.S. wilderness manager survey: Charting a path for the future. Journal of Forestry, 114 (3), 298-304. doi:

†Ghimire^, R., Green, G. T., Poudyal, N., & Cordell, H. (2015). Wilderness and the American public: An assessment and comparison of perceived benefits of, and support for wilderness areas. International Journal of Wilderness, 21(2), 27-32.

†Parker^, S., & Green, G. T. (2015). A comparative study of recreation constraints to national forest use by ethnic groups in Northern Georgia. Journal of Forestry.

†Boley, B., & Green, G. T. (2015).Destination competitiveness and natural resource conservation: The potential for a sustainable symbiotic relationship through nature-based tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

†Poudyal, N., Paudyal, R., Bowker, J. M., Dorison, A., Zarnoch, S., & Green, G. T. (2015). A value orientation approach to assess and compare climate change risk perception among trout anglers in Georgia, USA. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, 11, 22-33. doi:10.1016/j.jort.2015.06.004

†Larson^, L. R., Whiting^, J. W., Green, G. T., & Bowker, J. M. (2015). Contributions of state parks to physical activity of non-urban youth in Georgia. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 33(2), 20-36.

*†Ghimire^, R., Green, G. T., Cordell, H., Watson, A., & Dawson, C. (2015). Wilderness stewardship: A survey of national wilderness preservation system managers. International Journal of Wilderness, 21(1), 23-33.

†Ward^, L. K., & Green, G. T. (2015). Wilderness zoning: Applying an adapted Biosphere reserve model to wilderness area management. Illuminare,(13) 1, 39-52.

†Flowers^, A. E., Larson^, L. R., Green, G. T., & Carroll, J. (2014). Using art to assess environmental education outcomes. Environmental Education Research,21(6), 846-864. DOI:10.1080/13504622.2014.959473

†Ghimire^, R., Green, G. T., Poudyal, N., & Cordell, H. (2014). Do outdoor recreation participants place their lands in conservation easement? Nature Conservation, doi: 10.3897/natureconservation.9.7981.

†Christiana^, R., Davis, M., Wilson, M., McCarthy, F., & Green, G. T. (2014) Factors related to rural youths’ participation in outdoor, noncompetitive physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 85, 509-518.

†Larson^, L. R., Whiting^, J. W., Green, G. T., & Bowker, J. M. (2014). Physical activity levels and preferences of ethnically diverse visitors to Georgia state parks. Journal of Leisure Research, 46 (5), 540-562.

†Ghimire^, R., Green, G. T., & Cordell, H. K (2014). Analysis of perceived constraints to outdoor recreation participants. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 32 (4), 52-67.

*†Conway^ A., Hernandez, S., Carroll, J., Green, G., & Larson^, L. (2014). Local awareness of and attitudes towards pygmy hippopotamus Choeropsis liberiensis in the Moa River Island Complex, Sierra Leone. International Journal of Conservation Fauna & Flora. doi: 10.1017/5003060531300077X

† Larson^, L. R., Whiting^, J. W., Green, G. T., & Bowker, J. M. (2014). Physical activity locations in Georgia: Frequency of use by socio-demographic group. Journal of Outdoor Recreation & Tourism, 5-6, 68-72.

† Larson^, L. R., Whiting^, J. W., Green, G. T., & Bowker, J. M. (2013). Youth outdoor recreation and state park use: Perceived benefits from the parent’s/guardian’s perspective. Children, Youth and Environments, 23 (3), 89-118.

*† Poudyal, N., Paudel, B., & Green, G. T. (2013). Estimating the Impact of Visibility Impairment on Demand for Visits to National Parks. Tourism Economics 19(2), pp.433-452.

†Albritton^, R., & Green, G. T. (2013). Effects of the University of Georgia’s outdoor adventure activities class on student’s environmental stewardship and confidence within the great outdoors. Illuminaire, 11(1), pp.1-15.

†Sharp^, R. L., Larson^, L, R., Green, G. T., & Tomek, S. (2012). Comparing interpretative methods targeting invasive species management at Cumberland Island National Seashore. Journal of Interpretation Research, 17(2), pp. 23-46.

†Whiting^, J. W., Larson^, L. R., & Green, G. T. (2012). Monitoring visitation in Georgia state parks using the system for observing play and recreation in communities. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 30(3), pp.21-37.

† Poudyal, N., & Green, G. T. (2012).Supply of private acreage for recreational deer hunting in Georgia. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 17(2), pp.141-154.

†Small^, R., Larson^, L., & Green, G. T., & Shenk, A. (2012). Effects of an environmental educator training workshop on environmental knowledge, awareness, and teaching self-efficacy. Illuminaire.10(1), pp. 30-43.

†Sharp^, R. L., Larson^, L. R., & Green, G. T. (2011). Factors influencing public perception for invasive alien management. Biological Conservation,144(8), pp. 2097-2104.

†Larson^, L. R., Green, G. T., & Cordell, H. K. (2011). Children’s time outdoors: results and implications of the National Kids Survey. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 29(2).pp.1-20.

† Whiting^, J. W, Pawelko, K., Green, G. T. (2011). Whitewater kayaking: A social world investigation. Illuminaire, 9 (1), pp.1-15. 

† Larson^, L. R., Whiting^, J., & Green, G. T. (2011). Exploring the influence of outdoor recreation participation on pro-environmental behavior in a demographically diverse population. Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 16 (1), pp. 67-86.

†Larson^, L. R., Castleberry, S. B., & Green, G. T. (2010). Effects of an environmental education program on the environmental orientations of children from different gender, age, and ethnic groups. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 28 (3), pp. 95-113.

†Green, G. T., Bowker, J.M., Wang, X., Cordell, H.K., & Johnson, C.Y. (2009). An examination of perceived constraints to outdoor recreation. Journal of Public Affairs and Issues, (12), p. 28-53.

†Larson^, L., Green, G.T., Castleberry, S. (2009). Construction and validation of an instrument to measure environmental orientations in a diverse group of children. Environment and Behavior. (First published online at:

†Robinson, J. C., Green, G. T., & Cordell, H. K. (2008). Birding for everyone: A comparative analysis of participation by minorities in birding. Birding, 40 (6), p. 51-58.

†Bowker, J. M., Lim, S. H., Cordell, H. K., Green, G. T., Rideout-Hanzak, S., Johnson, C.Y., & Betz, C. J. (2008). Wildland fire, risk, and recovery: Results of a national survey with regional and racial perspectives. Journal of Forestry, 106(5), 268-276.

†Zhang, Y., Tarrant, M. A., & Green, G. T. (2008). The iimportance of differentiating urban and rural phenomena in examining the unequal distribution of sdudlocally desirable land. Journal of Environmental Management, 88(4), 1314-1319.

*†Cordell, H. K., Betz, C. J., & Green, G. T. (2008). Nature-based outdoor recreation trends and wilderness. International Journal of Wilderness, 14(2), 7-13.

*†Green, G. T., Bowker, J. M., Johnson, C. Y., Cordell, H.K., & Wang, X. (2007). An examination of constraints to wilderness visitation. International Journal of Wilderness, 13(2), 26-36.

†Johnson, C. Y., Bowker, J. M., Green, G. T., & Cordell, H. K. (2007). Provide it…but will they come? A look at Black and Hispanic visits to federal recreation areas. Journal of Forestry, 105(5), 257-265.

†Bowker, J.M., Murphy, D., Cordell, H.K., English, D.B.K., Bergstrom, J.C., Starbuck, C.M., Betz, C.J., & Green G.T. (2006). Wilderness and Primitive Area Recreation Participation and Consumption: An Examination of Demographic and Spatial Factors. Journal of Agriculture and Applied Economics, 38(2), 317-326.

†Green, G. T., Cordell, H. K., Distefano, C., & Betz, C. J. (2006). Construction and validation of the national survey on recreation and the environment’s leisure lifestyles scale. Journal of Leisure Research, 38(4), 513-535.

*†Green, G.T., Tarrant, M.A., Raychaudhuri, U., & Zhang, Y. (2005). Wilderness: In whose backyard? International Journal of Wilderness, 11(3), 31-38.

†Williams, R., Vogelsong, H., Green, G. T., & Cordell, H. K. (2004). Outdoor recreation participation of people with mobility disabilities: Selected results of the national survey on recreation and the environment. Journal of Park and Administration, 22 (2), 84-100.

†Tarrant, M.A., Cordell, H.K., & Green, G.T. (2003). PVF: A scale to measure public values of forests. Journal of Forestry, 101(6), 24-30.

*†Cordell, H.K., Tarrant, M.A., & Green, G.T. (2003). Is the public viewpoint of wilderness shifting? International Journal of Wilderness, 9(2), 27-32.

†Cordell, H. K., Green, G. T., & Betz, C. (2002). Cultural dimensions of recreation, and the environment. Leisure Sciences, 24(1), 13-41.

†Green, G. T., Kleiber, D., & Tarrant, M. A. (2000). The effect of an outdoor adventure based ropes-course program on the development of resiliency in low-income minority youth. Journal of Parks and Administration, 18(3), 76-97.

†Tarrant, M. A., & Green, G.T. (1999). Outdoor recreation and the predictive validity of environmental attitudes. Leisure Sciences, 21(1), 17-30.Bowker, J; Murphy, D; Cordell, H; English, D; Bergstrom, J; Starbuck, C; Betz, C; and Green, G. 2006. Wilderness and Primitive Area Recreation Participation and Consumption: An Examination of Demographic and Spatial Factors. Journal of Agriculture and Applied Economics 38:2.