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Dr. Robert Bringolf

Graduate Coordinator
Associate Professor, Fish Biology and Ecotoxicology

Contact Information

Contact Dr. Robert Bringolf


Campus address

Warnell 3-408
Ph.D. Fisheries Biology and Toxicology, Iowa State University, 2002
M.S. Biology (Aquatic Science), University of Wisconsin- La Crosse, 1997
B.A. Biology, Wartburg College, 1995
Curriculum Vitae:


Research Areas Detail:

Major research themes explored in my lab are related to understanding the effects of environmental pollutants on fish and freshwater mussels as sentinels of ecosystem health. Current areas of research include: 1) endocrine disruption in fish exposed to agrochemicals, 2) factors and effects associated with intersex in fish, 3) effects of pollutants on early life stages of freshwater mussels, and 4) aquaponics.

Recent Citations:

Nelson, J.N. and R.B. Bringolf.  Exogenous cortisol treatment of fish hosts to enhance glochidia metamorphosis.  North American Journal of Aquaculture.  Accepted.

Kellock, K., A.P. Moore, and R.B. Bringolf.  Chronic nitrate exposure alters reproductive physiology in fathead minnows.  Environmental Pollution.

Gogal, R., R. Bringolf, R. Phillips, T. Guo, and S. Holladay.  2017.  Anesthetic activity of acetylated MS-222 in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus).  Journal of Veterinary Science 4:1-6.  DOI: 10.5176/2345-7880_4.1.15

Haskins, D.L., M.T. Hamilton, A.L. Jones, J.W. Finger, R.B. Bringolf, and T. Tuberville. 2017. Accumulation of coal combustion residues and their immunological effects in the yellow-bellied slider (Trachemys scripta scripta). Environmental Pollution 224:810-819.

Gundersen, D., S. Zeug, R. Bringolf, J. Merz, Z. Jackson, and M. Webb.  2017. Tissue contaminant burdens in San Francisco Estuary white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus): implications for population recovery. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 73:334-347.   DOI 10.1007/s00244-017-0378-9.

Cooper, Z., A. Bryan, R. Bringolf, R. Cooper, K. Loftis, J.A. Martin. 2017. Heavy metal bioaccumulation in two passerines with differing life histories.  Science of the Total Environment 592:25-32.

Leonard, J.A., W.G. Cope, E.J. Hammer, M.C. Barnhart, and R.B. Bringolf.  2017.  Extending the toxicity-testing paradigm for freshwater mussels: Assessing chronic reproductive effects of the synthetic estrogen 17α-ethinylestradiol on the unionid mussel Elliptio complanata. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology and Pharmacology 191:14-25.

Lasier, P.L., M.L. Urich, S. Hassan, W. Jacobs, R. Bringolf, and K. Owens.  2016.  Changing agricultural practices: Potential consequences to aquatic organisms.  Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 188:672-688.

Eberhard, M.L., M.J. Yabsley, H. Zirimwabagabo, H. Bishop, C.A. Cleveland, J.C. Maerz, R.B. Bringolf, and E. Ruiz-Tiben. 2016.  Possible role of fish and frogs as paratenic hosts of Dracunculus medinensis, Chad.  Emerging and Infectious Diseases 22:1428-1430.

Fritts, M.W., J.A. DeBoer, A.K. Fritts, K.A. Kellock, R.B. Bringolf, and A.F. Casper.  2016.  Survey of intersex Largemouth Bass from the Upper Illinois River Waterway, USA.  American Midland Naturalist 176:158-165. 

Parr, R.T., C.A. Jennings, N.D. Denslow, K. Kroll, and R.B. Bringolf. 2016. Evaluation of reproductive status in Atlantic Tripletail by traditional and nonlethal approaches.  Coastal and Marine Fisheries 8:16-22.

Morrison, S., K. Sieve, R. Ratajczak, R. Bringolf, and J. Belden. 2016. Simultaneous extraction and cleanup of high-lipid fish organs for multiple legacy and emerging organic contaminants using QuEChERS.  Talanta 146: 16-22.

Fritts, A.K., J.T. Peterson, J.M. Wisniewski and R.B. Bringolf.  2015.  Non-lethal assessment of freshwater mussel physiological response to changes in environmental factors.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 72: 1460-1468.

Fritts, A.K., J.T. Peterson, P.D. Hazelton and R.B. Bringolf.  2015.  Evaluation of methods for assessing physiological biomarkers of stress in freshwater mussels.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 72: 1450-1459.

Fritts, A.K. and R.B. Bringolf.  2014.  New host species confirmed for four federally endangered freshwater mussels (Unionidae) in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint Basin.  Walkerana: Journal of the Freshwater Mollusk Conservation Society 17:51-59.

Leonard, J.A., W.G. Cope, M.C. Barnhart, and R.B. Bringolf.  2014.  Metabolomic, behavorial, and reproductive effects of the aromatase inhibitor fadrazole hydrochloride on the unionid mussel Lampsilis fasciola.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 206:213-226.

Kellock, K.A., B.E. Trushel, P.C. Ely, C.A. Jennings, R.B. Bringolf.  2014.  Survey of intersex Largemouth Bass from impoundments in Georgia, USA.  Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143(3):565-572.

Hazelton, P.D., B. Du, S.P. Haddad, A.K. Fritts, C.K. Chambliss, B.W. Brooks, R.B. Bringolf.  2014.  Chronic fluoxetine exposure alters movement and burrowing in adult freshwater mussels.  Aquatic Toxicology. 151:27-35.


Leonard, J.A., W.G. Cope, M.C. Barnhart, R.B. Bringolf.  2014.  Metabolomic, behavioral, and reproductive effects of the synthetic estrogen 17 α-ethinylestradiol on the unionid mussel Lampsilis fasciola.  Aquatic Toxicology 150:103-116.


Fritts, A.K., M.C. Barnhart, M. Bradley, N. Liu, W.G. Cope, E. Hammer, R.B. Bringolf.  2014.  Assessment of toxicity test endpoints for freshwater mussel larvae (glochidia).  Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 33(1):199-207.


Fritts, M.W., A.K Fritts, S.A. Carleton, and R.B. Bringolf.  2013.  Shifts in stable isotope signatures of freshwater mussel glochidia during attachment to host fish.  Journal of Molluscan Studies 79(2): 163-167.   


Hazelton, P.D., W.G. Cope, S. Mosher, T.J. Pandolfo, J.B. Belden, M.C. Barnhart, and R.B. Bringolf.  2013.  Effects of fluoxetine on freshwater mussels.  Science of the Total Environment 445-446: 94-100.

Baird, S., J. A.W. Garrison, J. Jones, J. Avants, R.B. Bringolf, and M.C. Black.  2013.  Enantioselective toxicity and bioaccumulation of fipronil in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) following water and sediment exposures.  Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 32:222-227.

Johnson, J.A., J.M. Wisniewski, A.K. Fritts, and R.B. Bringolf.  2012.  Host identification and glochidia morphology of freshwater mussels from the Altamaha River Basin.  Southeastern Naturalist 11(4):733-746.

Fritts, A.K., M.W. Fritts, D.L. Peterson, and R.B. Bringolf.  2012.  Critical linkage of imperiled species: Gulf sturgeon as host for purple bankclimber mussels.  Freshwater Science 31(4):1223-1232.

Hazelton, P.D., W.G. Cope, S. Mosher, T.J. Pandolfo, M.J. Strynar, M.C. Barnhart, and R.B. Bringolf.  2012. Toxicity of perfluoralkyl acids to freshwater mussels (Unionidae) in acute and partial life-cycle tests.  Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 31:1611-1620.